Recently, archaeologists have discovered few figurines dating back to the ancient time when the earth saw early human beings learning to live in a better way. No matter how much we keep saying that all roads lead to Rome, but the truth is Highway 1 leads from Tel Aviv to the New Stone Age. The discovery of the figurines dating back to 9500 years, mark the connection between Tel Aviv with New Stone Age.
The figures that are unearthed are mainly of a ram and another seems to be of an ox. The ram has horns that are intricately carved and is made of limestone. Whereas, the ox is made of dolomite and both are still very strong and are 15 centimeters long. These figurines were excavated while expanding the highway outside Jerusalem near an archaeological site in the Judean Hills, called Tel Moza.
A co-director of the excavation believes that these figurines are linked to the habit of animal domestication by the early men. These early men started living in a complex society and began agriculture in their villages, for which cattle were required. At this early time, sculpture was of very high quality. Each figurine shows accuracy and proper measurement through its perfect proportion. Its horns are still prominent. This was the transition time for the early human beings when they started living a sedentary life from a nomadic life. They reduced their habit of hunting and gathering and started concentrating on farming and grazing with permanent settlements.
The Neolithic period before pottery is still fascinating in the history chapters. Many changes took place in this era and it shaped the human society too. Men learnt animal domestication and started valuing settled life. It is assumed by the archaeologists that the figurines were symbols of good luck. This discovery has shed light on their religious practice and society also. Sculpting out small statues of bovine animals could also mean that they performed certain ceremonies to ensure success in hunting because hunting was a major activity during this period.
Tel Moza is the place where the archaeologists have previously discovered different kinds of Stone Age tools, several objects associated with funerals and their cult rituals; and various other artistic objects too. Through their sculptures and details of the animals’ images, we get to learn the habits and nature of their livelihood.